Database backup in mysql using terminal

I usually prefer MySQL workbench to take backups and restore them. But sometimes circumstances bring forward a machine that doesn’t contain workbench. Use command line utility in that case. These backups/dumps are nothing but SQL statements.

mysqldump -u[username] -p [database_name]>[filename].sql

To restore a backup.

mysql -u[username] -p  [database_name] <[file_name].sql

If database name is not known then log into MySQL and find database using

show databases;

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